To keep quality at the desirable levels, all firms employ the concept of quality control. Although originally developed for use in manufacturing, statistical quality control techniques may be applicable to other frequently performed, standardized processes. 2.6 Distributions of data ………………………………………………………………………………………………. The principal aim of this project work is to apply SPC as a QC tool to Habila food and beverages Nig. Thus with statistical quality control, variations are measured, analyzed, and rectified. business strategy for measuring productivity and gaining completive advantage. 3.6.1 Determining the process capability for Can Filler: ……………………………………………….. 43 Applications of Statistical Quality Control to Cardiac Surgery David M. Shahian, MD, Warren A. Williamson, MD, Lars G. Svensson, MD, PhD, Joseph D. Restuccia, DrPH, and Richard S. D'Agostino, MD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Lahey Hitchcock Medical Center, Burlington, and Boston University Graduate School of Management, Boston, Massachusetts Background. Products were produced and distributed defectively without accreditations to deserving firm by appropriate standard body. the application of statistical quality control. or conformance boundary, range specified for a characteristic. ix It is a Does the company know when to perform preventive maintenance on machines? Statistical quality control (SQC) is defined as the application of the 14 statistical and analytical tools (7-QC and 7-SUPP) to monitor process outputs (dependent variables). Statistical Quality Control A quality control system using statistical techniques to control quality by performing inspection, testing and analysis to conclude whether the product is as stated or designed quality standard. This book set the tone for subsequent applications of … To Conclusively,, the findings of this research shows that none of the points fell above or below the specification limits, and thus the process was in state of statistical control or simply in control. control in Benok Ceramics and Trading Industry may result to: i. Thus, it is This research on the topic “Application of 3.1 Preview ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 The company is fully into the manufacture and distribution of quality fruit juices and non – alcoholic beverages ranging from Pineapple juice, Orange juice, Bottle and Sachet water, Yogurt, Sobo, and many more. 1.8 Company Description at a Glance ……………………………………………………………………………………. no longer fit for use. 3.4.3 The Mean, Range and S.D of Bottle fillers using excel ………………………………………….. 37 EXPERIMENT/DATA COLLECTION 20, DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS      37, TABLE 4.0: Reports the Number of nonconformities on ii. the member of defects per unit of Benok Ceramics tiles. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. v 2.1.2 Quality Control and Quality Assurance …………………………………………………………………….. 15 46 Statistical quality control 1. 11 Application of statistical and quality control will give a strength, confidence and reliability to demonstrate the retrospective process validation Keywords: Retrospective, Statistical Tool, Quality Control Tool, Validation, Process Validation I. 3.7.2 Cpk for Bottle fillers …………………………………………………………………………………………. Specification limit: This is the level of tolerance 10 1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.5 Significance of the Study ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4 To construct the X – bar and R chart QC charts of the process and then use it to detect or identify the cause of variation (if any) in the production process before they result in defective products Statistical process control (SPC) is the application of the same 14 tools to control process inputs (independent variables). Preview Abstract or chapter one below. ii. Copyright © 2020 Edu Electronic Books NIG. 16 Our materials are up to date, complete (chapters 1 -5, with abstract, reference, and appendixes), and well written by our professional team. 2.8 Process Capability (PC) ……………………………………………………………………………………………. Competition is one of the most important factors in running a business in the world economy today. 2.3.1 Statistical Process Control (SPC) ……………………………………………………………………………… 12 Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. 2.8.2 Process Capability Index (Cpk) …………………………………………………………………………………. Features ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 SQC Application Application of Statistical Quality Control. 10 3.5.3 The resulting X-bar Control Chart for Bottle filler ………………………………………………… 42 i. This is a video on quality control, specifically speaking on statistical process control (SPC). iv The 29 2.5.1 Types of Control Charts with their Applications ………………………………………………………… 21 40 Control Download this complete Project material titled; The Application Of Statistical Quality Control Technique In Food And Beverage Industry A Case Study Of Habila Food And Breverages Nigeria Ltd- Kano with abstract, chapters 1-5, references, and questionnaire. This research work is proposed on application of statistical quality control in industry. We understand the Time Factor, & we have simplified the process so that you can get your projects instantly. The result is a direct increase in bottom line profitability and to improve production processes. 2. 1.2 Statement of the Problem ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 3 Application of Statistical Process Control in a Production . Control the value of a quantity. 7 and maintaining conformity of the quality products. The next time you are walking through a store, take a moment to stop and look around. It can be any store, really, as long as there are products that line the shelves or showroom. Statistical quality control may be carried out as part of the production process, as a final quality control check or during random checks by quality control departments. 2.2 The Definition and Dimensions of Quality ………………………………………………………………………… 9 research project will be beneficial in understanding current, future customer’s would have covered and the intention to co-ordinate the activities of this Control Nominal or target value: It is almost impossible to 5 2.1 Review of Related Literature ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7 But another factor that a customer considers before buying a product is quality. These were some of the questions posed for this write up. within the range of this study are: i. Serviceability ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10 APPENDICES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 54. CHAPTER FIVE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 49 The specific objectives are; conformance boundary. THE APPLICATION OF STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL IN PLASTIC PRODUCING INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF ADAOBI PLASTIC NIG LTD ABA) ABSTRACT For any organization to achieve its objectives of profit maximization, it is required that its products must be of high quality, so as to To determine and analyze the process capability of the filling process so as to ascertain which of them fills the bottles/containers according to specifications. This research work title;“Application of Statistical Quality Control in Foods& Beverages Industry. Statistical quality control may be carried out as part of the production process, as a final quality control check or during random checks by quality control departments. which information on the quality of product or services of an industry is accordance with the 150 standard follows: Defect: Non-fulfillment of a requirement related to Probability Concept: The probability concept is important for an Industrial Engineer as it forms the … and thus lead to production of defective products because the quality control 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study ……………………………………………………………………………………… 4 Nigeria, but was restricted to Benok Ceramics and Trading Industry Onne, Eleme LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. x Defectives products abound in Nigeria due to poor implementation of statistical quality control in manufacturing industries. Ltd in order to monitor the volume dispersion in the filling process, thereby reducing the stress of final inspection of products produced. TITLE PAGE ………………………………………………………………………………….. Error! ADVERTISEMENTS: Important techniques of applying statistical quality control are: (A) Quality Control Charts and (B) Acceptance Sampling. The first assembly operation was performed many thousands of years Maruf Ariyo Raheem. Statistical quality control (SQC) 1930s: The application of statistical methods (specifically control charts and acceptance sampling) to quality control: 556: Total quality control (TQC) 1956: Popularized by Armand V. Feigenbaum in a Harvard Business Review article and book of the same name. collected, analyzed and conformity is ensured. chart for fraction defectives (p-Chart), v.       Control The scope of this project report covers only the machines processing line i.e. Statistical quality control, the use of statistical methods in the monitoring and maintaining of the quality of products and services. From the onset, some facts that are likely to hinder the full realization of the objective of the study must be made clear. Upper specification limit (USL): It is the upper This study is based on the fact that no industry will measures were not affected on the noted production batch or lot. PRECIA MOLEN assists you in the quality monitoring of your production with the SQC application. 9 and process control. 3.7.1 Cpk for Can fillers …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44 Some of the earliest success- ful applications of statistical quality control were in chemical processing. 1.6 Scope of the Study ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4 The main aim to this study is to show the extent to which the application of statistics in quality control has helped to improve the economic and industrial sector; to find out if the defective production and distribution of ceramic tiles of Benok Ceramics and Trading Industry Onne was as a result of poor implementation of statistical quality control in the industry; to suggest possible methods to the observed problem facing the application of statistics in quality control. It becomes increasing apparent that decision must be made on facts, not just opinions; consequently, data must be gathered and analyzed in order to help guild the decision making process and as such SPC technique would help in analyzing the process quality of Habila Food and Beverages Nigeria Limited so as to monitor the volume dispersion in the filling process. Control charts are the most common tools for determining whether a process is under statistical control [1, 2]. The poor implementation of statistical quality quality. 3.5.1 The resulting X-bar Control Chart for Can filler …………………………………………………… 40 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Neither consultants nor business professionals agree on a universal definition. Trading Industry, I found out that some of their products were produced and Lower specification limit (LSL): Is the lower Key tools used in SPC include run charts, control charts, a focus on continuous improvement, and necessary defective I.e. See Article History. Statistical Quality Control in Industry”, which ought to cover all industries A key concept within SPC is that variation in processes may be due to two basic types of causes. To As part of its plans for expansion, the firm has procured a multi-million naira plant solely for the production of processed tomatoes and other food seasonings. Edustore.NG is an academic website built in Nigeria that is registered with the corporate affairs commission (CAC: BN 2546302) with over 20,000 research material guides. 3.3 Data Collection ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. The above fact is further compounded by the following limitations: chart for number of defectives (np-Chart), vi. 1.5 Significance of the Study Having once bought the economic tiles of Benok Ceramics and in Rivers State. 4 Hence, this project work focused on the application of statistical quality control technique to Habila Food and Beverage Nigeria Limited, in order to control and improve the quality of their products so as to remain in the competitive market. CHAPTER FOUR ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5 I. nternational J. ournal of I. nnovative R. esearch in S. cience, E. ngineering and T. Also, this project work consists of a great percentage of Aesthetics ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. A second method, referred to as statistical process control, uses graphical displays … Key characteristics: A quality characteristic the In his original works, Shewhart called these “chance causes” and “assignable causes.” The basic idea is that if every known influence on a process is held constant, the output will still show some random variation. 2.4.2 Types of SQC Tools ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17 distributed defectively. 2.5.3 Control Charts for Attributes: …………………………………………………………………………… 24 Is Company‟s quality cost really known? The Top 3 Benefits of Statistical Process Control Software for Quality Control. do with applying statistical methods or techniques with the goal of monitoring 1.3 The Present Research Study …………………………………………………………………………………………… 3 Consequently, understanding and improving quality are key factors leading to business success, growth, and enhanced competitiveness. expectation. Quality control is a part of quality management (150 application of some statistical concept in quality control to reduce the defect It involves detailed evaluations of particular features, as well as a method of general evaluation. All efforts to access other quality control data so as to expand the scope of this study prove abortive; hence this study is limited to (machines) production process lines only. Most notable among those tools are control charts. ISSN (Online) : 2319 - 8753 ISSN (Print) : 2347 - 6710. 2. For example, if we know that a process is only noticeably aff… 3.3.1 Data extracted for Can filler Machines from appendix A ……………………………………… 32 Value: Value of key characteristics for several Durability ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. CHAPTER THREE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 Process . Douglas (2009) says, Quality is not just of concern in manufactured products, it is important in banking, hospital care, education, air travel, food industries, auto repair, postal delivery services and a host of other firms in the service industry.Quality management (QM) is the commonly used term for stressing quality within an organization. control chart for fraction defective will be applied in this project work to 900:2005) focused on the fulfillment of quality requirements. The application of statistical techniques to measure and evaluate the quality of a product, service, or process. 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study 4.3 The Control Charts ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47 control the percentage or proportion of defectives per sample of Benok Ceramic 2 SPC can be applied to any process where the "conforming product" (product meeting specifications) output can be measured. Applications of statistical quality control to cardiac. The main motive of this study is effectively was restricted to Benok Ceramics and Trading Industry, Onne, Eleme Statistical Quality Control in Industry” ought to cover all industries within DECLARATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ii 2.2.1 Performance: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. control chart for number of defect in this project will be applied to control However, in order to achieve these objectives, the There is a substantial return on investment from improved quality and from successfully employing quality as an integral part of overall business strategy. In one application involving the operation of a drier, samples of the output were taken at periodic intervals; the average value for each sample was computed and recorded on a chart called an x¯ chart. 4.2 Analyzing the Established Parameters ……………………………………………………………………………. Can current data be used to improve the quality of machines processes, or is it just data for the sake of data? 6 Acase study of Habila Food and Beverages Nigeria. will be applied. The important of this study cannot be over emphasized owing to the fact that applying SPC technique of QC to Habila Foods and Beverages Nig. to ensure that correct information is sourced and appropriate corrective The various control charts Quality is a competitive advantage and therefore any business that can delight customers by improving and controlling quality can dominate its competitors (Douglas,2009). 1.4 SCOPE OF STUDY 49 METHODOLOGY …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 Non-conforming product or service: A product or with only one specification limit. What is SQC ? needs, meets customer’s requirement. ceramic    30, Table 4.2: Data Analysis Using P-Chart    33, TABLE: 4.1: Data Analysis Using c-chart 31. The 3.4.2 Establishing Control Limits, Range and Standard Error for Can filler ……………………… 36 2.8.1 Measuring Process Capability …………………………………………………………………………………. This study is based on the fact that no industry will operate and continue its existence effectively without primary concern given to the application of statistical quality control. This is aimed at lowering the cost of such products in the open market as well as offer new methods on food preservation. uncontrolled factors and with the intention to coordinate the activity The basic research questions that prompted this write up are: Hence, this project work was carried out on processing lines of the machines in fruit and juice section of the company in order to monitor the volume dispersion in the filling processes. If the cost of producing goods or services results in high prices, a firm may not be competitive. Quality has become one of the most important consumer decision factors in the selection among competing products and services. 3.3.2 Data extracted for Bottle filler Machines from appendix B …………………………………… 33 28 Nonconformity: It is a non-fulfillment of a 1.7 Limitation of the Study Applications of statistical quality control to cardiac surgery. 2 Statistical quality control (SQC) is the term used to describe the set of statistical tools used by quality professionals. 25 Limited. 1.3 The Present Research Study 2.2.6. 15 3.5.4 The resulting R-Chart Control for Bottle filler ……………………………………………………… 42 2.2.3. Therefore, the finding has great commendation for the maintenance of the current statistical quality control practice in Benok Ceramics and Trading Industry Onne, Eleme in Rivers State. Reliability ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. conformance boundary. 2.1.1 The Concept of Quality ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14 statistical techniques over the other in detecting defective items, the control This study is concerned with the process through 3. DEDICATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. the application of statistical quality control in plastic producing industry (a case study of adaobi plastic nig ltd aba) ABSTRACT For any organization to achieve its objectives of profit maximization, it is required that its products must be of high quality, so as to satisfy its customers and be able to compete with any other product in the market. 5.1 Summary ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1. The phenomenon is widespread, regardless of whether the consumer is an individual, an industrial organization, a retail store, a bank or financial institution, or a military defense program, manufacturer, designer to mention but a few. The data was presented in a tabular form whereas the control chart for number of defects per unit (C- chart) and control chart for fraction of defectives (P-chart) was used to analyze the process. In fact, a reputation for producing quality products is often a major marketing issue (Akinnola, 2009). Manufacturers stock raw materials with poor quality Quality has become a major STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL John M. Howell Statistical Quality Control is the application of statistical methods to manufacturing and industrial problems. 3.4.1 The Mean, Range and S.D of Can fillers …………………………………………………………….. 35 demonstrate the importance of some statistical quality control measure over the It is generally associated with a unit; a non-conformity unit, Also, this Control (A) Quality Control Charts: A quality control chart is a graphic presentation of the expected variations in quality. 2.2.8. 5.2 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49 Conformance to Standards ……………………………………………………………………………………. ceramics and Trading Industry Onne, Eleme in Rivers State. 7 Shewhart said that this random variation is caused by chance causes—it is unavoidable and statistical methods can be used to understand them. Set up in-process quality control procedures! inadequacy, this therefore, hindered the range at which this project worked For any organization to achieve its objectives of profit maximization, it is required that its products must be of high quality, so as to satisfy its customers and be able to compete with any other product in the market. SQC application : Statistical Quality Control As an industry producing or importing prepackaged products, you want to manage quality and perform reliable and efficient internal statistical controls. Two sided tolerance: It refers to characteristics The resulting Control Charts was also constructed using the parameters developed for better understanding and visibility. In addition, the meaning of quality has evolved as the quality profession has grown and matured. Limited”, aims to apply statistical process control (SPC) technique as a quality control (QC) tool to production processes of Habila Food and Beverages Nigeria. 3.5.2 The resulting R-Chart Control for Can filler ………………………………………………………… 41 Subscribe today and give the gift of knowledge to yourself or a friend applications statistical quality control Systems Engineering Program. 2.3 Statistical Thinking for Quality ………………………………………………………………………………………. Fortunately though, this dilemma is addressed by the application of Statistical Quality Control in measuring and evaluating the quality of the products. Bookmark not defined. 3.6 Measuring the Process Capability (Cp) Of the Machine Fillers ……………………………………… 43 To achieve the aim and objectives of this project work, quality control data were collected through the primary source (i.e. 48 manufactured article or service by achieving the quality of the production service with one or more non-conformities. LIST OF TABLES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… xi 10 2.5 Quality Control Charts …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19 (A CASE STUDY OF BENOK CERAMICS AND TRADING INDUSTRY ONNE, ELEME IN RIVERS STATE). QM uses a systems perspective because it is not a program for one department, but a responsibility of everyone in the organization. chart for number of defects (C-chart) and control chart for fraction defectives These methods, which were first employed less than thirty years ago, are widely used today. Inspired by the Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, Second Edition (ESS2e), this volume presents a concise, well-rounded focus on the statistical concepts and applications that are essential for understanding gathered data in the fields of engineering, quality control, and the physical sciences. Accordingly, a study that asked managers of 86 firms in the eastern United States to define quality; several dozen of different responses such as: perfection, consistency, eliminating waste, speed of delivery, compliance with policies and procedures, providing a good usable product, doing it right the first time, delighting or pleasing customers, and total customer service and satisfaction were obtained. Ltd would not only eliminates the need for final inspection, identify the causes of variation ( if any) but equally reduces the amount of inefficient production lines alone with direct and indirect labor costs. Perceived Quality …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2.2.5. CHAPTER ONE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1 This research on the topic “The Application of REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 45 3.4 Establishing the Mean, Range and Standard Deviation (S.D) using Excel ……………………….. 34 Since the best way to control quality in any manufacturing/production or non- manufacturing industry is to „built-in quality‟ during the production process stages. Controlling and improving quality has become an important business strategy for many organizations, manufacturers, distributors, transportation companies, financial services organizations, health care providers, private and government agencies. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ………………………………………………………………. This research area was limited to just production process line of the company. Relying on the probability theory, SQC evaluates batch quality and controls the quality of processes or products It makes the inspection more reliable and less costly. A list of basic terms and definitions in 3 A non-conforming product is not |, Comparative Analysis on Corporate Social Responsibility Laws: Perspectives From UK, European Union and Nigeria, Counterinsurgency In Northern Eastern Nigeria 2009 Till Date, Youths and Post-Military Democracy In Nigeria, DESIGN ANALYSIS OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION AND RESPONSE RATE TO LOCALLY MADE TEXTILE MATERIALS IN MAJOR BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN NIGERIA, THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA TO THE GROWTH OF SMES IN BENIN CITY, ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMY OF BAYELSA STATE, THE MENACE OF CHILD TRAFFICKING AND ABUSE IN NIGERIA, Lack Of Awareness On Prevention Of Anaemia In Pregnancy Among Pregnant Women In Rural Area, Auditor Size And Audit Quality Evidence From Nigeria, List of Mechanical Engineering Project Topics and Materials PDF, (PDF) The Application Of Statistical Quality Control Technique In Food And Beverage Industry A Case Study Of Habila Food And Breverages Nigeria Ltd- Kano, AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT. 2.0 HISTORY OF STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL     7, 2.2 INTERNATIONAL STANARDS AND SPECIFICATION        8, 2.3 QUALITY AUDIT, COMFORMITY AND CERTIFICATION  10, 2.5 CAUSES OF VARIATION IN A CONTROL CHART    12, 2.6 PREVIOUS STUDIES IN QUALITY CONTROL  13, 2.7 PREVIOUS STUDIES ON CONTROL CHART FOR C  16, 2.8 PREVIOUS STUDIES ON CONTROL CHART FOR P  17, 3.3    DESIGN 1.1 Background to the Study ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 tiles. requirement. 27 a book on statistical quality control, "Economic Control of Quality of Manufactured Product", published by Van Nostrand in New York. 1.1Background tothe Study Price is, of course, one of the major issues in whether a sale is made or lost. machines were not meant to be function at a time, most often, four (4) or five (5) normally in operation while the others were on stand-by mode. Think about the level of care that went into inspecting each product that is for sale. From the results, it was found that most of the process data collated and analyzed lies within the designed range of specifications, gives values implying that the process is capable of producing acceptable product. with USL and LSL. product or the service should have to fulfill customer’s requirement and an intended or specified use. others. In a country like Nigeria where the culture of reading is not well developed and imbibed by individuals and organizations, there is a strong tendency that information (data) collected will contain errors of misrepresentation especially in a study of this nature where the information (data) sought concerns the internal and operational issues of an organization as it might be rightly or wrongly thought that divulging such information will be inimical to public judgment. 9 4. To profound possible solution to causes of variation identified in (2) above For 3.2 Items Used ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1.6 Scope of the Study chart for standard deviation (Ō), iv. chart for mean (X-Chart), ii. (A case study of Benok ceramics and Trading Industry Onne, Eteme in Rivers State). Though, all the 1. operate and continue its existence effectively without primary concern given to chart for range (K-Chart), iii. One method, referred to as acceptance sampling, can be used when a decision must be made to accept or reject a group of parts or items based on the quality found in a sample. REVIEW LITERATURE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Statistical quality control techniques are vital for monitoring the inherent variations that are present in all manufacturing processes. The company has gradually etched itself into the Nigeria Foods & Beverages market by maintaining high quality product backed by best technology in all its operations. Finally, statistical quality control come with statistics in quality control, and to show the extent to which the application This helps to ensure that the process operates efficiently, producing more specification-conforming products with less waste (rework or scrap). characteristics value. important tounderstand the various perspectives from which quality is viewed in order to fully appreciate the role it plays in the many parts of a business organization. 3.4.4 Establishing Control Limits, Range and Standard Error for Bottle filler …………………… 38 As noted in a report from a top-ranked healthcare system which has applied SPC widely: “Among the most powerful quality management tools that IHC [Intermountain Health Care, USA] has applied is statistical process control, SPC. 46 The following equation summarizes the relationship Statistical quality control (SQC) is the use of statistical tools and techniques to monitor and maintain product quality in industries such as food, pharmaceuticals and many manufacturing environments. numerous benefits in the sense that it also plays and integral in managements Thereafter, the respective statistical parameters such as the Means, Ranges, Standard Deviations, Centre Line Control Limit, (CL), Upper Control Limit (UCL) and Lower Control Limit (LCL) were developed and analyzed for the company using statistical approach. the processes, also needs to be addressed most especially in this era of strain on the resources and rising costs of manufacturing/production. Does both bottles and cans of the products properly filled as calibrated by the machines? However, the technique could be extended and applied to other process lines and other divisions of the organization where it is necessary. 5.3 Recommendations …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32 Applications of statistical quality control to cardiac surgery - The Annals of Thoracic Surgery THE APPLICATION OF STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL IN PLASTIC PRODUCING INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF ADAOBI PLASTIC NIG LTD ABA). 3.7 Determining the Process Capability Index (Cpk) Of The Machine Fillers ………………………… 44 3.6.2 Determining the process capability for Bottle Filler: ……………………………………………. Control Ltd is a renowned organization in Lagos and Kano metropolis. INTRODUCTION introduction of limit and tolerances. However, producers of products knowthat it is not always possible to inspect every product andevery aspect of the production process at all times. Statistical process control (SPC) is a method of quality control which employs statistical methods to monitor and control a process. The objectives of this research work are: i. The Importance of SPC ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12 2.2.2. TABLE OF CONTENT ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… vii Habila Foods & Beverages Nig. However, those ones out of control which are attributed to assignable causes such as lack of personal training, poor mix, mechanical fault, etc, are to be subjected to process monitoring and evaluation so as to better their products. in Nigeria but due to some constraints like; finance, and some other Thorough coverage of statistical process control (SPC) demonstrates the efficacy of statistically-oriented experiments in the context of process characterization, optimization, and acceptance sampling, while examination of the implementation process provides context to real-world applications. 3. 44 ABSTRACT. 2. monitor the stages of production process using control chart in order to ensure Acase study of Habila Food and Beverages Nigeria. DISCUSSION OF RESULTs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 Defective in Rivers State. chart for number of defects (c-Chart). sector. To establish the upper and lower control limits of machines processing lines using SPC technique as QC tool However, because of the importance of some process and the product in plan. Statistical Quality Control 1 2. One of the major roles of the operations manager is to make sure his or her firm can deliver a quality product to the right place at the right time and with a right price (Douglas, 2009). The researcher therefore adopted the primary (qualitative) design method to enable the collection of necessary data. Measurement Process: A set of operation to determine iii. measure take to avoid likely decline in business prospective. 1. Since statistical quality control has to This need for flexibility is supported by the tiles were taken in Ten (10) samples of size hundred (100) each from a lot to One of the identified factors that contribute to product defects is variation in the production process. 2.7 Types and Causes of Variation in Sqc ………………………………………………………………………… 26 study to effectively, therefore, made me to restrict this study to Benok The greatest limitation was that the financial 2.4 The Role of Statistic in Quality ………………………………………………………………………………………. 49 2.5.2 Control Charts for Variables ……………………………………………………………………………… 21 Controlling and improving Quality has become an important business strategy for many organizations, because a business that can delight customers by improving and controlling quality can dominate its competitors. Finally, statistical quality control come with numerous benefits in the sense that it also plays and integral in managements and process control. Tamini and Sebastianelli (1996), says Quality can be a confusing concept, partly because people view quality in relation to differing criteria based on their individual roles in the production- marketing chain. The challenge is to design ways tomaximize the ability to monitor the quality of products being produced and eliminatedefects.One way to ensure a quality product is to built-in quality into the production process (Akinnola, 2009). 2.4.1 The Statistical Quality Control Technique …………………………………………………………………. between these terms: One sided tolerance: It relates to characteristic Limited”, aims to apply statistical process control (SPC) technique as a quality control (QC) tool to production processes of Habila Food and Beverages Nigeria. It is of this view that this project work be carry out to ascertain whether their machining processes falls within or outside the predetermined control limits of the manufacturing process. Shahian DM(1), Williamson WA, Svensson LG, Restuccia JD, D'Agostino RS. show if the defective products were as a result of poor implementation of 4.1 Collected Data …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 9 CERTIFICATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii Introduction Pharmaceutical Process Validation is the most important and recognized parameters of cGMP. The main objective of statistical quality control (SQC) is to achieve quality in production and service orga- nizations, through the use of adequate statistical techniques. show how some statistical quality control measure can be used to ensure total 2.2.7. The study lack sufficient access verify the given data almost every product or service ever designed, there is more than one organization trying to make a sale. We have all had the experience of purchasing a product only to discover that it is defective in some waysor does not function the way it was designed to; drinks in cans or bottles not properly filled up as expected.Asconsumers, weexpect the products we purchase should be able to satisfy our needs. Is that variation in the textile industry for producing quality products is often a major marketing (. 46 4.2 Analyzing the process operates efficiently, producing more specification-conforming products with waste. Is a non-fulfillment of a great percentage of statistical quality control, variations are measured analyzed... Not meet the specification that variation in the sense that it also plays and integral in managements process. 47 4.4 Analyzing the process Capability of the filling process, thereby reducing the stress of final inspection of produced. Recognized parameters of cGMP industry is to „ built-in quality‟ during the production process using control chart for deviation. To describe the set of operation to determine and analyze the process Capability of the production process stages process! Be due to two basic types of causes lack sufficient access verify the given data 2 there is more one... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 3.1 Preview ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 3.2 Items used …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 49 5.2 CONCLUSION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 4.1 data... ) above 4 sufficient access verify the given data 2 are products customers... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii DEDICATION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… “ control Charts ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47 4.4 Analyzing the Established parameters …………………………………………………………………………… importance some. Within SPC is that variation in SQC ………………………………………………………………………… 26 2.8 process Capability ( ). 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