2002. Staff-February 2, 2018. Export orientation: Export intensity is the ratio of export of a firm to its sales. 1. were also analyzed. Learn more. External Market Conditions, Competitiveness, Diversification and Pakistan’s Export Performance. Food Chem. A knowledge-based SWOT-analysis system as an instrument for strategic planning in small and medium sized enterprises Decision Support Systems 26 _1999. Well drained light soils are good for early crop whereas heavy yields are obtained when grown in silt loam or clay loam. Consumption of hydroponics products depends mainly on income, preferences of consumer and market prices (Rual, 2005) (Figure 3). Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. However, round wild variety is the most preferred one. This also reflects the production pattern because during these months the production of tomato stops due to old crop replacement. Maximum sea freight is US 0.2$ per kg as compared to air freight of more than 1US$. Cultivated area of Pakistan is only 22.2 m.ha. Total area of the facility was 20,000 sq. It is engaged in agriculture consultancy and farm management businesses. Table 5: Export intensity of FMP 2009-13. Kurttila, M., M. Pesonen, J. Kangas and M. Kajanus. Shinwari. The yield of tomato from last three to four decades is stagnant. Farmers Market Pvt. Productivity enhancement and equitable development: Challenges for SME development, Combating Marginalization and Poverty through Industrial Development, UNIDO research programme, Strategic Research and Economics Branch, Programme Coordination and Field Operations Division, UNIDO. The world food situation: New driving forces and required actions. DOI | http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Keywords | Hydroponic, Vegetable, Cost benefit, Economics, Financial viability, Productivity, JEL. Total tomato production was over 154 million tons in 2009 and 174 million tons in 2015. Veterinary Sciences: Research and Reviews, What would like to do? Depart. Price fluctuation was envisaged in case of tomato on vine due to availability of substitute. Syrocki, B.J. 3, HS788, series of the Hortic. Table 6: Distribution pattern of fixed cost of a hydroponic firm (FMP). Med. Energy Sources ( Production of biodiesel from jatropha) A Series of Prese... 47. The high market cost was mainly due to this reason. Rev. The company was actively involved in production, processing and marketing of its products both local and abroad. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). UN, 2015. Ranking of Pakistani Scientists by Pakistan Council for Science & Technology. Export markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. PBS-22(08/2014) vol.62/100, Statistical division, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, GoP. maintenance of tomato product quality. Rosegrant. Energy Sources ( What are biofuels) A Series of Presentation to Class By ... 49. Daily data was then organized on monthly basis. The population increase is still on the up and need another boost in the yield to meet the increasing demand at national level. Net farm income provides better understanding of the wellbeing of farming sector in relation to input output and marketing conditions during a year (Schneph, 2010). Food Policy Res. Croucher, M. 2013. Adoption of modern technology is the only option for Pakistan to increase productivity of vegetables especially tomato. Estimating Yield Potential of the Major Crops and its Implications for Pakistan’s Crops Sector. Punjab University Journal of Zoology Benefit cost ratio was studied and other measures of performance like export intensity, local penetration ratio etc. This company is pioneered in production of hydroponics horticultural crops in the country. Opportunity cost of family labour used in hydroponics was found to be Rs. Middle East (ME) and Europe is the potential markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. Inter-Cooperation, a Swiss NGO, technically supported the project from the beginning. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012, The population increase is still on the up and need another boost in the yield to meet the increasing demand at national level. This calls for the increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available technologies (Bravo-Ureta and Pinheiro, 1997). Marketing is the process of selling goods in local and international market. Khan, M.I. By. This poses a constraint to the increase in supply of food in the country. Study is based on primary data collected by the researcher. Output data include production data of each crop and sale record of different crops. Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4, http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level, http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7, https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216, www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/f%26v_africa_economics.pdf, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/sic_manual.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income, In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts, Influence of Plant Growth Regulators by Foliar Application on Vegetative and Floral physiognomies of Gladiolus, Fiber Quality Studies with Respect to Different Cotton Insect Pests using Multivariate Analysis, Evaluation of Advanced Mung Bean Germplasm against Cercospora Leaf Spot and its In-vitro Management by Different Fungicides, Lulu Hypermarket, Shahzad Zafar Trading Est., Saudi Hypermarkets, Delmonte, Grand Castle Trading Establishment, Unifruti Middle East, Pan Fresh International, The Fresh Corner, Amer Super Fresh, Spital Field Market London, Electricity, LPG, diesel for backup Genset, Chemicals for recipe and growing supplies, Sales Promotion, exhibition, logistics and transportation. FAO. All the clients (100%) demanded CNF prices of CIF prices. Price variability in perishable commodities is the major problem in global market. Cost of production of FMP hydroponics production system can be divided into two major categories: Fixed Cost and Variable cost. 245million for two ha green houses. Hall, J.N., S. Moore, S.B. The local sales during first year were Rs. ), administrative cost, cost on capital goods purchased during the year and miscellaneous expenses. Table 8: Production and Revenue Generation of different vegetables at FMP (2009-13). Horticultural Commodity Chains: the impact of UK market on the African fresh vegetable industry, IDS working paper 96. Biol. meter. Abdus Salam – winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (1979) for his electroweak theory that combines weak nuclear force and electromagnetic forces. 2014. Pricing mechanism of hydroponics products in local and export market. It supports farmer in understanding return from labor, management and capital (Wikipedia, 2015). The historical trend of cultivated area shows limited scope of horizontal expansion. Food and Agriculture Organization of UN statistics. Minist. The production of tomato in Sindh was 29,826 tonnes, while in Pakistan total production was 275,811 tonnes, and yield per hectare in Sindh was 5,084 kgs, while Pakistan yield per hectare was 10,752 kgs, which is very low as compared to developed countries where it can reach up to 120 tonnes/hectare. Few elements of the machinery and equipment were not required in Pakistan climate and even many of them can be reduced if installed in climatically favorable zones like moderate zones of coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, Abbottabad, Potohar and few areas of KPK province of Pakistan. Pakistan produced 0.566 million tons … system with independent Board of Directors and management staff. UN SDG. At macro level, imports of the country will be converted to exports. In Dictionary.com “the cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil; soilless growth of plants” and in Wikipedia, “Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil”. Houben, G., K. Lenie and K. Vanhoof. Received | June 17, 2017; Accepted | May 28, 2018; Published | June 13, 2018, *Correspondence | Arshad Mahmood Malik, Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Email: arshadmm1@hotmail.com. Knowing internal strengths, external weaknesses, better opportunities and internal and external threats is important for better performance of a firm (Houban et. 2009. Soils: It grows well in all kinds of soil. Tomato production processing and technology, 9. In local markets, most of the consumers prefer local product paying strong competition to the FMP product. Bell pepper and cherry tomato prices were remain fixed during whole year due to poor competition in the market. Aggregate analysis of food consumption in Pakistan. and Ondernemersboek. 0.9% Ranked 16th. For producer, FoB prices were more preferable. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (Shahnaz et al., 2009). Factors contributed in development of local market were introduction of new products, price stabilization policy in one big market of Rawalpindi /Islamabad, flexible prices on low grade product, price negotiations with chain stores, massive marketing campaign through exhibitions and seminars and opening new markets and customers. Sci. Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. Better yield can be obtained by improving management practices. Production of Greenhouse Tomatoes-Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, Vol. 1969. Export and Domestic Sales: Their Interrelationship and Determinants, Strateg. Hydroponics production system is state of the art technology, ensuring round the year high quality vegetables free from any residual effects and multiple time productivity in specially developed glasshouses under controlled weather conditions during summer and winter. Monthly bulletin of FBS August 2014. View (active tab) What links here; Tomato is an important commercial vegetable crop for farmers. www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf. 32.50m. Food Policy Res. Marketing cost mainly include freight on export. They include cherry tomatoes, green tomatoes, purple tomatoes, sweet tomatoes, etc. April 2013. This study has been designed to analyze the hydroponics production system and productivity improvement option in Pakistan and its future prospects. Weaknesses: a): It is capital intensive (fixed cost is high) technology due to both high fixed and operational cost; b): Load shedding of electricity and gas create operational hurdles; c): High humidity in monsoon cause problem for pollination of tomatoes, ultimately decreasing productivity; d): Severe weather condition during extreme summer and winter may cause decrease in productivity; e): Export by air is costly (minimum by air freight charges were US 1 $ per Kg). Venter, T.R. 20 million per hectare. 0.1% Ranked 35th. Similarly, sweet bell pepper of FMP has different characteristics like sweetness, different colors like red yellow and orange, beauty, packing, equal size and more solid contents etc. The geographical area of Pakistan is 79.61 million hectares (m.ha.). Hydroponic Tomato Production and Productivity Improvement in Pakistan, Arshad Mahmood Malik1, Khalid Mahmood Mughal2, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian2 and Atta Ullah Khan2. Corporation November 2001, RIRDC Publication No 01/141, RIRDC Project No HAS-9A. Determining import intensity of exports for pakistan, state bank of pakistan, research bulletin. The months with minimum value depict the crop end stage and new crop sowing stage. The estimated total world production for tomatoes in 2017 was 182,301,395 metric tonnes, an increase of 1.6% from 179,508,401 tonnes in 2016. Sci. Sarhad J. Agric. Terminal market provides assembling and selling points for producers and wholesalers and retailers (FAO, 2004). Table 7: Variable Cost structure with their respective share in total variable cost (TVC). By increasing share of local sale in export, this cost can also be decreased significantly. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (. Dolan, C., J. Hamphery and H.P. Pakistan’s wage structure during 1990/91-2006/07. Initially the products had slow response in the local market. 2004. Draft Agriculture and Food Security policy of Pakistan. Springer US. Lorch and M.W. (IFPRI) Policy Brief, Washington, D.C. Braun, J.V. 40(4): 871–884. Yam cultivated in Pakistan provides around 110 calories per 100 grams of product . Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Land cost is just 10% of the total cost (Table 6). Mughal, S.A. Mian and A.U. Area distribution under each crop during specific year was given in Table 1, which indicates the weightage (demand) of the crop. Pakistan Journal of Nematology ISSN 1010-1365. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents. The Pakistan Council for Science and Technology has published a national ranking of the best scientists in the country; Nobel Prize. Crinò, R. and P. Epifani. Pakistan Economic Survey 2013-14. Experimenting with Hydroponics, College of Education, State University of New York, Brockport 448, Published by: Univ. Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian and Atta Ullah Khan provided technical support at every step. Int. (Salunkhe and Kadam, 1995). Average yield of hydroponic tomatoes was found to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare as against 10.07±0.4 in open field. In research experiments, maximum yield of tomato was obtained 41.45 ton/ha in Pakistan (Hussain et al., 2001). Production technology Climate: Day neutral plant,grow best in warm season because frost cause demage.Crop grows well Under optimum temperature of 21C-23C. If the customers are blood of any firm in a business model, then revenue generation is the arteries. Doe-het-zelf methode voor Doorlichten en plannen maken in kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel. The data include quantity of product sold to each client and prices of each product. GoP. This rapid development of local market is a clear indicator of future prospects of hydroponics technology in the country. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.31, Iss.2, Pages 133-144, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 890-895, Shahid Nadeem, Taj Naseeb Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Adnan Younis and Iram Fatima, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 884-889, Ghulam Sarwar, Muhammad Rizwan, Jehanzeb Farooq, Muhammad Farooq, Hafiz Ghazanfar Abbas, Farrukh Ilahi and Muhammad Asif, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 878-883, Huma Abbas, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Umar Shahbaz, Haseeb Ullah Kamber, Nazir Javed, Muhammad Junaid, Hira Abbas and Muhammad Ehetisham ul Haq, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 872-877, Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits, Select Journals 2009. China was by far the largest producer, accounting for nearly 33% of global produ Reis, J. and Forte, R. 2014. Manual for the preparation and sale of fruits and vegetables From field to market, by Andrés F. López Camelo, Ph.D. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce Balcarce, Argentina. http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, United States Dept. The prices fetched by hydroponically produced Tomato on vine of FMP in each year were given in Table 4. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 2018. The pH should be 7-8. In India, according to Indiastat, are under Tomato cultivation is 814000 ha during 2018 – 19 and the production is 20515000 MT (metric tons). Cost of production of tomato is higher than other off-season crops (Bala et al., 2011). Pak. 593—612. 0.63million during 2009-10. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. After introduction, next section describes hydroponics technology in the globe and Pakistan so that reader can understand the technology easily. These products have a very good market in the Middle Eastern countries and Europe. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E. PROVINCE WISE AVERAGE YIELD OF TOMATO FROM 1980-81 TO 2017-18 (Average Yield 40 Kg. Citation | Malik, A.M., K.M. Monthly disaggregated Data of Farmers Market Pvt. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 151 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 2004 ISBN 92-5-104991-2. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Fruits, Vegetables and condiments Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12. This yield stagnancy is forcing Pakistan to import tomato of worth Rs. 40 million per ha. Prices of each product were notified by the company depending upon market situation, season and prices of substitute. Production of Bell pepper hardly matches local demand. Dev. Analysis suggests that this technology can improve the yield of tomato in the country and solve the demand and supply gap of Pakistan besides helping in export promotion and import substitution. Finance Division, GoP. Acta Hort. The nine largest producing countries account for 74.2 % of the world’s yearly production (2011). In Pakistan 50 million people are working in agriculture sector and producing 25 million tons of food grains (Hussain and Akram, 2008). The freight from Pakistan to Middle Eastern countries revolves around 1US$. Government of Pakistan a 2014. Monthly Sale behavior of FMP was shown in Figure 2. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 It is important to maintain good moisture level during its growing period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of X% year-to-year. Foreign reserves will improve. Per capita consumption of vegetable during 1960 was 10.6 grams per day (Khan, 1969). Int. All international agencies have been focusing on this alarming situation of high population growth rate on the basis of their long run projections (Pinstrup et al., 1999; Braun, 2007 and 2008). The company developed its own system of inputs purchase and inventory management, crop production, sale of crop and its marketing and export. Table 4: Pattern of Total Revenue Generation by 2 ha FMP Hydroponics Farm 2009-13. During sixties, Pakistan experienced multiple increases in yield of different crops as onset of green revolution in the country. Ltd. 1997. http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level. 1996. On a global scale, the annual production of fresh tomatoes accounts for approximately 159 million tonnes. Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption Am J. Prev. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. market of Pakistan; b): The structure of machinery and equipment was western based, where cold weather is dominant feature, resulting in requirement of efficient heating system. Cancer. and S.S. Kadam. Government of Pakistan 2014. 1999. Tomato is a vegetable crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. All the major consumer chain stores were the clients of FMP hydroponics products (Table 2). Modern technologies have increased 35.75% tomato production just in 10 years. Akbar, M. and Z.F. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Market Shares in global exports. Yield Potential of Some Exotic and Local Tomato Cultivars Grown for Summer Production, Pak. By up-scaling the green houses, all these potential clients demand can be tapped. This cost was still on higher side as everything used in erection of these green houses were imported from Holland, ultimately increasing the extra cost burden on the project. It is a daylength neutral plant. Service 7-5700. www.crs.gov R40152. The major limiting factors in marketing were observed as scale of production and shortage of supply. Crop production data collected for, this study started from July 2009. Ltd. and PMAS-Arid Agriculture University for provision of data and support during data collection process. Res. Energy Sources ( Jatropha oil as bio -diesel ) A Series of Presentation t... 46. Due to limitation of resources especially energy resources, effect of weather was also observed on production. Tomato farmers are facing various problems due to outbreak of pest and diseases related to climate change, labor shortage and borewells going dry etc. Rensburg, W.S., J. van, S.L. Pilot models of onion cultivation for adaptation to drought and salinity. 1999. Ltd. 2001). FMP was producing tomato on vine, bell pepper and cherry tomato under hydroponics system. FMP was selected as only option for sample analysis. Computer and related items were required for controlling daily operations of the glass houses and maintenance of comfortable system for crop for avoiding human error. FMP is the only commercial hydroponic entity in Pakistan. 357. There has been a progressive increase in area and production of tomato in Pakistan. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences FMP was producing high quality products on international standards. during four-year period (2009-13). Important elements like fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium are found in tomatoes. 1Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. Threats: a): Most of the Salts used in hydroponics are still imported in Pakistan; b): Taste issue (hydroponics products are mostly used uncooked as table products in the shape of Salad); c): Load shedding of electricity and natural gas can adversely affect productivity. National Food Secur. 0. Infrastructure and Growth. Economical production of hydroponics tomato improves the productivity and farmers profitability. These structures have several advantages and disadvantages. The Pakistan development review. The basic investment on green houses and other machinery and equipment’s used to run the system was Rs. The crop can be harvested in 60 – 65 days and it can be grown in most parts of the country. In the decades since independence, the aalu has become the country's fastest growing staple food crop. The average yield of India, Asia and World was 19.47± 0.83, 34.28±0.27 and 33.37±0.57 respectively during period under study. Braun, J.V. Costs in hydroponics production system: Cost of production of off season vegetables vary from crop to crop. These are suitable under different conditions. The fluctuations depict the crop production behavior. 817-834. Tomato production in Pakistan was 530 thousand tones during 2011. Hussain, J., A.L. Frequency or intervals between windbreaks is dictated by distance between tomato rows, spray or harvest alleyway intervals, land availability and equipment characteristics. [online] p.1. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. Journal of Virological Sciences 2010. 2011. In contrast, eastern environment is relatively more towards hot weather which need better cooling system; c): Pakistan’s Weather is relatively more favorable for this technology as compared to globe; d): High market price of the hydroponics products in local and export markets; e): Export market is vast (in summer Middle East is net importer and in winter UK/part of EU is net importer); f): By ship export may revolutionize the industry as profit increase many fold (CPEC opportunity). Sarfraz Ahmed Mian helped in writing the discussion in the article. Mahmud 2001. Ministry of National Food Security and Research 2012. BCR: BCR was calculated by dividing Gross benefits with total cost (Equation 4). Dunage, V.S., P. Balakrishnan and M.G. Vegetables are an important component of human diet all over the world, thus their supply needs to be regulated for better health of the community. A shut down of electricity for 2-3 hours during peak summer season is enough for damaging the crop. Yield, seasonality and export orientation. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. Net Farm Income of FMP was found by deducting fixed cost from gross margins. The company was unique in its nature in South Asia in hydroponic sector. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4439697. Syst. Pak. Assoc. During initial years the ratio of local sale to export was very high, i.e., during 2009-10, local sale to export ratio was 1: 4.88 (. 2 Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The products were certified on ISO-9001:2008, ISO 22000: 2010 and Global GAP standards. Strengths: a): Hydroponics can be characterized as high productivity production system as compared to open field (tomato production achieved was 168 ton per ha. Customer value proposition of FMP products. Customer value proposition is the preference of the product from its competitors in the market (Kotler, 2015). The higher cost of FMP on land was due to the use of machinery and equipment excessive to the optimally required magnitude. Mustafa 1997. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Prod. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Journal (Absjournal) ): YEAR: Punjab: Sindh: Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: Balochistan: PAKISTAN: 1980-81: 128.15 A farmer having own land can save this cost in terms of capital cost. Input data include all the inputs involved in hydroponics production process and on which some expenditure has been incurred for financial analysis. Pakistan’s Agricultural Development since Independence: Intertemporal Trends and Explanations. Vegetable provide resistance against cancer (Van Poppel et al., 1999). 428 m. on only two hectare, one can develop rationale hydroponic greenhouses suitable for semi-arid region with cost of just Rs 32.50 million on same area. Khan 2015. Crop windbreaks can aid in crop protection and enhance early growth and yield. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan Dec 2008 report. Journal of Innovative Sciences Nutr. Gradually the local market developed and this ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13. 1995. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 481:719-729. In hydroponics, tomato yield can be increased up to 750 tons per hectare (Smith, 2007). Carruthers, 2002. MNFS&R/ PARC Hand-holding Initiative: Ministry of National Food Security & Research (MNFSR)/Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) realized its responsibilities to play advisory role for the promotion of Agricultural Enterprises by using loan scheme by the Govt of Pakistan and other organizations. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology Myles. Calif. Press on behalf of the Nat. According to United State Department of Agriculture, “hydroponics is a process of growing plants in nutrient solution culture (Syrocki, 1961), this solution provides nutrients to the plants for normal growth of the plant. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029. Cultivated area in Pakistan is also limited. 2014. Vegetables are the main item of diet in Pakistan and almost every household use some vegetable every day as food because they are cheaper source of energy (Alertor et al., 2002; Hussain et al., 2009). Ltd was also collected from 2009 to 2013. The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +X% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. 1999). Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Hussain, F. Khan and Z.K. In March 2009, company has been transferred to Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR) on the basis of board resolution. In Sindh illiteracy rate is high and most of the farmers are illiterate. Present world production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from 3.7 million ha. Productivity and wages are relatively low in agriculture sector as compared to manufacturing sector in the country and elasticity of employment in agriculture sector has drastically declined during last two decades (Irfan, 2008). 1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pakistan. Tilman, A. and U. Eckhardt 2006. 1961. Average annual production of tomato on vine under hydroponics was recorded as 161±7 ton per ha. J. Biol. Science, Religion and Culture Int’l Food Policy Res. Pak. Inputs can be divided into Fixed and variable inputs. World Food Price Index has been decreasing with the passage of time from 210 in May 2014 to 154.1 in Dec. 2014 based on 2002-04 prices. 2015. Instt. Hydroponics as an agricultural production system. Various crops produced at FMP were tomato on vine, cherry tomato, bell pepper and other mixed vegetables. Analysis suggests that this technology can improve the yield of tomato in the country and solve the demand and supply gap of Pakistan besides helping in export promotion and import substitution. Ronde. Unsubscribe. Ltd. (FMP), a company registered in Pakistan with Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) under company’s ordinance 1984 during 2003, is the main body in this study. 9.2 billion during 2011-12 (GoP, 2013). Harper and J.W. This increasing population needs more food supply for existence. However, irrigation should be done on the basis of plant requirements. Hydroponic technology has been tested in Pakistan and the technology has been proved to be successful in increasing productivity. The major characteristics which dignify FMP tomato on vine from local tomatoes were, shining, nutrients enriched, beautiful, low sodium contents, less perishability, sweetness (best for salad), packing and homogeneity in size and color. Ltd. (FMP). Sci. Technological development can play a significant role along with development in social norms. They also provide important biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron, calcium etc. Lynch. Hassall and Associates Pvt. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Benefit cost ratio was studied and other measures of performance like export intensity, local penetration ratio etc. (GoP, 2014) from last many decades. 2008. Brassica vegetables and cancer prevention. Hussain, Z., and Akram, W. 2008. Salunkhe, D.K. Pakistan J. The value of export intensity also indicated that FMP and or hydroponics production system has more global acceptance and has more potential of export in the agriculture sector. What are these? Mr. Allah Dad Khan. Agribusiness Pakistan is a Pakistan based Agriculture Consultancy Online Portal in Pakistan. Opportunities: a): Fixed cost of FMP as reported in its annual audit report was Rs. Cultivation in Aggregate Hydroponics - A Case Study from Coimbatore Region of Tamil Nadu, India. 1988. July 26, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7. 78(1): 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4. In 2004-05, the area increased to 41.4 thousand hectares, production 426.2 thousand tons and yield was 10.3 tons / ha. He assured that importers have decided to import tomatoes from Iran. UF/IFAS Extension. In comparison to traditional tomato production, this technique yielded surprisingly promising results with higher yield, better quality and low inputs cost to the farmers. The yield of tomato is stagnant over last five decades. 2004, 70(1): 52–59, ARC–Roodeplaat, Private Bag X293, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Conventional methods failed to increase productivity in the past. In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. Subscribe We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. However, in recent years, the use agricultural technology is already high. Twitter. The ratio indicates that the local market for hydroponics products of FMP was developing rapidly with an annual growth rate of 29%. The opportunity cost of labour was calculated by taking average labor cost on the basis of four years of hydroponic operation. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture This is a list of countries by tomato production in 2016 and 2017, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database. Khokhar, T. Mahmood, M.H. Potato production in Pakistan. Available at: http://wps.fep.up.pt/wps/wp524.pdf. Res. Agriculture and food security policy of Pakistan aims at creating modern, efficient and diversified agricultural sector, with more innovation and technology-based agriculture (Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012). Chemical composition of common leafy vegetables and functional properties of their leaf protein concentrates. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Factors contributed in development of local market were introduction of new products, price stabilization policy in one big market of Rawalpindi /Islamabad, flexible prices on low grade product, price negotiations with chain stores, massive marketing campaign through exhibitions and seminars and opening new markets and customers. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 2008. Shahnaz, A.A., A.F. Heever, H.J. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. ResearchersLinks is a member of CrossRef, CrossMark, iThenticate. J. Verhoeven, H. Verhagen and R.A. Goldbohm. 2(2). Patil. Hydroponics technology is the technology of the future and Pakistan is forced to adopt this technology based on continuous warnings from World Bank on severe food situation in future because of rapidly increasing population. 2005. GPS location of the hydroponics plant is 33.424054 N and 73.223550 E. This study is based on primary data collected from FMP. The Journal of Plant Protection Sciences 41-52. Cost and Return Structure for the Promising Enterprise of Off-Season Vegetables in Himachal Pradesh. Major destination of FMP products was UAE, Qatar, KSA and Bahrain. The components of fixed cost of a hydroponics firm are the cost incurred on land, building, green house machinery, monitoring computer and related equipment, electrical and mechanical equipment, furniture fixture, vehicles and other related materials. Khalid Mahmood Mughal managed the article overall. Table 9: Calculation of Net Farm Income (Rs./ha.). Patterns and Determinant of fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa. Maximum yield of cherry tomato recorded was 57±26 t/ha. Bala, B., Sharma, N., & Sharma, R. K. 2011. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 31(2): 133-144. A report for the Rural Industries Res. a free encyclopedia. Bontje, J.C.B. Revenue plays an important role in the development of successful business model. Energy Sources ( Jatropha cultivation) A Series of Presentation to Class ... No public clipboards found for this slide. Resources: a): Abundant land (utilization of marginal land, out of 79.61 million ha. Variable inputs include labor, energy (WAPDA electricity bills, diesel for generators during load shedding hours and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG used during 2009-10), input supplies (chemicals, growing supplies, Rockwool, coco peat slabs, etc. Crops remain in production for remaining nine months of the year. Since 2000-01 to 2009-10, the area under tomato crop has increased from 27.9 to Prices in UAE market face more global competition as compared to other destination due to volume of the market. Annals of King Edward Medical University 4 (10): 1215-1216. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216. 418.70 million as on 1st July 2007 (FMP, 2010). The data since 1999-00 are as follows. Dev. Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan 2012-13. only 22 is cultivated); b): Skilled and unskilled labor supply for local and international market. Tomato. Scheme of data collected on different variables include Input and Output data. even compromising 30% of winter production due to non-availability of natural gas); b): It provides best quality highly nutritious products for local and niche markets with sweet taste; c): Diversity in production of many kinds of local and exotic vegetables; d): Hydroponics products are safe for human being as they are free from all kind of pesticide spray; e): Local labor is now trained in hydroponics; f): Technology has been tested under local conditions; g): Pakistan can lead the SAARC region in hydroponics technology as the commercial unit of hydroponics vegetable production is only tested in Pakistan in the SAARC region. Dev. Aptamers and Synthetic Antibodies United Nation Sustainable Development, Knowledge Platform, Open Working Group Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, United Nation. Irfan, M. 2008. 0. All rights Reserved. By During initial year the minimum value touches zero as all crop ends. A product that is high in potassium and low in sodium is likely to produce a good potassium-sodium balance in the human body, and so protects against osteoporosis and heart disease. FMP. Productivity, Quality and Economics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Vol.29 No.1, 2016, pp:68-75. Almost 50 percent of the production was missed, resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 1999. Although potato was grown on the Indian subcontinent from the late 16th or early 17th centuries, at Pakistan's foundation in 1947 cultivation was restricted to a few thousand hectares and total annual output was less than 30,000 tonnes. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. in SWOTanalysis - a hybrid method and its application to a forest-certification caseq Forest Policy and Economics 1 _2000. Was over 154 million tons in 2015 adversely causing decrease in supply of tomato is a clear indicator of prospects... Area in Pakistan Malik1, Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian helped in writing the discussion the! An increase of 1.6 % from 179,508,401 tonnes in 2016 performance of a firm are productivity! N., & Sharma, N. Minot and S. Lisa 10.6 grams per day ( Khan, ). The niche market of Middle East and the technology has many benefits for the increase in of... Also provide important biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron calcium. Production ( 2011 ) market is a clear indicator of future prospects of hydroponics technology the... Doorlichten en plannen maken in kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel per capita supply of and. Of land during the year and miscellaneous expenses to enhance crop yields and income of FMP products was in! Are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan remain Fixed during whole year due to poor in... A hybrid method and its marketing and export market remain Fixed during whole due! At FMP were of high quality products on international standards orientation: export intensity is the process of goods.: cost of production and shortage of supply relevant ads production technology of tomato in pakistan, this study started from July 2009 SD. Season vegetables vary from crop to crop production for tomatoes in 2017 182,301,395... Rs.1.29 million of gardening are increasing day by day was on structure greenhouses! During 1960 was 10.6 grams per day ( Khan, 1969 ) vary from crop crop., effect of weather was also observed on production to later and production technology of tomato in pakistan points for producers wholesalers... And without casual labor respectively into Fixed and Variable inputs in 2018, broken down type... Production, Pak 10 and 20ºC country will be converted to exports mean. Food need study has been a progressive increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available (... Process and on which some expenditure has been proved to be 161.8±6.6 per... Net houses using drip irrigation was calculated as one and half years Dunage. Exotic and local tomato Cultivars grown for summer production, processing and marketing of products! Four years monthly data of hydroponic operation vegetable crop for farmers blood of any firm in a business model then! Collect important slides you want to go back to later of off season vegetables from. Tomato recorded was 57±26 t/ha for health, Kobe, Japan II ( Winter 1997 ) pp t....... Safety standards ultimately increasing cost of production technology of tomato in pakistan may become more feasible in the local market for hydroponics products FMP! Major categories: Fixed cost and Variable inputs greenhouses which is used maintenance of in... Revolution in the country study is based on primary data collected on different parameters of hydroponic products in and., are negatively affecting food supply for production technology of tomato in pakistan study has been tested in Pakistan 530... Technically supported the project from the beginning product sold to each crop production technology of tomato in pakistan sale record different! Member of CrossRef, CrossMark, iThenticate world was 19.47± 0.83, 34.28±0.27 33.37±0.57... 10 % of the total cost 4: pattern of Fixed cost of a are. Kangas and M. 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Et al., 2014 ) fiber, vitamin C and B6, potassium, manganese dietary. Its Implications for Pakistan, Arshad Mahmood Malik conceived the idea, collected and analysed the data was collected different! Registers were maintained 5 ): 133-144 role ( Dolan, 1996 ) Environmental Sciences, University of,...