After the 2010 United States Census and the resulting redistricting, Iowa lost one seat in Congress, falling to four seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. 17. “A picture is worth a thousand words” – – –… As of 2016[update] about 6,000 Jews live in Iowa, with about 3,000 of them in Des Moines. [22] Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear almost mountainous. Weather and Climate offers all the information you need to know about the climate in Des Moines. The Great Depression and World War II accelerated the shift away from smallholder farming to larger farms, and began a trend of urbanization. And what can it possibly mean? Climate is the average of weather over time. Human Rights Campaign", "USA Today, Iowa Court Upholds Gay Marriage", Why the United States Led in Education: Lessons from Secondary School Expansion, 1910 to 1940, "Lawmakers Scrounge Up Bus Money for Rural School Districts", "Bellevue school board sets referendum for $16 million bond issuance", "Carnegie Classifications | Standard Listings", "Our Members | Association of American Universities (AAU)", "WEDDINGS; Susan B. Titman, Peter S. Hedges", 2018 National College Football Attendance, "Division I Attendance for the 2018–19 Season", "By the numbers: Hawkeye wrestling's regular season success", "Big 12 Conference | American athletic conference", "Iowa Corn Assumes Lead for Cy-Hawk Series", "The PFL - About the PFL - Pioneer Football League Official Site", "The Official Site of the Pacific Coast League", "Teams | North American Tier III Hockey League | NA3HL", "Des Moines Menace finding new home digs, 'new' league for 2019 season", "Drake University Athletics - Men's Soccer - Drake University", "Drake University Athletics - Women's Soccer - Drake University", "Famous People From Iowa, Famous Natives Sons - Worldatlas.com", Energy Data & Statistics for Iowa—U.S. Ambassador to China. [80] Iowa troops fought at Wilson's Creek in Missouri, Pea Ridge in Arkansas, Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and Rossville Gap as well as Vicksburg, Iuka, and Corinth. There are nine income tax brackets, ranging from 0.36% to 8.98%, as well as four corporate income tax brackets ranging from 6% to 12%, giving Iowa the country's highest marginal corporate tax rate. Iowa contributed proportionately more men to Civil War military service than did any other state, north or south, sending more than 75,000 volunteers to the armed forces, over one-sixth of whom were killed before the Confederates surrendered at Appomattox. Madison County is known for its covered bridges. Four of these have had candidates on the ballot in Iowa since 2004 for various positions: the Constitution Party, the Green Party, the Pirate Party, and the Socialist Workers Party.[202][203]. About Climate Data. Climate data and weather averages in Cedar Rapids. In 1856 the Iowa Legislature passed an unprecedented act allowing the Meskawki to purchase the land. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of French Louisiana and Spanish Louisiana; its state flag is patterned after the flag of France. Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. Boone hosts the biennial Farm Progress Show and is home to the Mamie Doud Eisenhower museum, the Boone & Scenic Valley Railroad, and Ledges State Park. Average temperatures for January at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. Natives of northern Iowa—including Sioux City, Fort Dodge, and the Waterloo region—tend to speak the dialect linguists call North Central American English, which is also found in North and South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. [176]:31 Rising RBC is an indication of profits.[176]:31. Some of the most severe flooding in Iowa occurred in 1993 when the state received twice its average annual rainfall; much of the state remained flooded for four months, with roads inaccessible, water systems inoperable, housing uninhabitable, and farmland unusable. Averages are for Davenport Municipal Airport, which is 6 miles from Davenport. Nearby attractions include Adventureland and Prairie Meadows Racetrack Casino in Altoona, Living History Farms in Urbandale, Trainland USA in Colfax, and the Iowa Speedway and Valle Drive-In in Newton. The river otter has been reintroduced, as has the wild turkey, after becoming virtually extinct in the 1960s. A climate chart for your city, indicating the monthly high temperatures and rainfall. [79], Much of Iowa's support for the Union can be attributed to Samuel J. Kirkwood, its first wartime governor. [52], The first known European explorers to document Iowa were Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet who traveled the Mississippi River in 1673 documenting several Indigenous villages on the Iowa side. Iowa is an alcohol monopoly or alcoholic beverage control state. [83] The American Civil War briefly brought higher profits.[84]. Since the beginning of the war in 1914, Iowa farmers had experienced economic prosperity, which lasted until the end of the war. [21] Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; crops cover 60% of the state, grasslands (mostly pasture and hay with some prairie and wetland) cover 30%, and forests cover 7%; urban areas and water cover another 1% each. [127], English is the most common language in Iowa, used by 94% of the population. Most property is taxed by more than one taxing authority. [200] The Libertarian Party obtained official political party status in 2017 as a result of presidential candidate Gary Johnson receiving 3.8% of the Iowa vote in the 2016 general election. Snow cover seldom remains throughout the winter months; however, heavy snowfalls have occurred in Iowa in late autumn and early spring. July is the hottest month for Des Moines with an average high temperature of 85.6°, which ranks it as warmer than most places in Iowa. [141][142], If the economy is measured by gross domestic product, in 2005 Iowa's GDP was about $124 billion. [162][163], Iowa's Driftless Region is also home to the nationally recognized Seed Savers Exchange, a non-profit seed bank housed at an 890-acre heritage farm near Decorah, in the northeast corner of the state. The Principal Charity Classic is a Champions Tour event since 2001. [262], The United States Hockey League has five teams in Iowa: the Cedar Rapids RoughRiders, Sioux City Musketeers, Waterloo Black Hawks, Des Moines Buccaneers, and the Dubuque Fighting Saints. Renewable energy has become a major economic force in northern and western Iowa, with wind turbine electrical generation increasing exponentially since 1990. [198] Fort Madison is served by Amtrak's Southwest Chief, running daily between Chicago and Los Angeles.[199]. There were numerous Indian tribes living in Iowa at the time of early European exploration. Iowa has three professional football teams. Sioux City is home to two higher education institutions, Morningside College and Briar Cliff University. A 2014 survey by Pew Research Center found 60% of Iowans are Protestant, while 18% are Catholic, and 1% are of non-Christian religions. [37] Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. You can jump to a separate table for each region of the state: Eastern, Central and Western Iowa. The climate of Iowa (United States of America) The state of Iowa is centrally located in the United States of America. [197], Amtrak's California Zephyr serves the south of Iowa with stops at Burlington, Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa, Osceola, and Creston on its daily route between Chicago and Emeryville, California. [215] The Court heard Coger v. The North Western Union Packet Co.[216] in 1873, ruling against racial discrimination in public accommodations 91 years before the U.S. Supreme Court reached the same decision. [53], Iowa was part of a territory known as La Louisiane or Louisiana, and European traders were interested in lead and furs obtained by Indigenous people. [23], Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, and East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa (see Iowa Great Lakes). Average temperatures for November at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. Cedar Rapids is also home to the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library and Iowa's only National Trust for Historic Preservation Site, Brucemore mansion. This page provides general information about climate data and measures developed by the Iowa Public Health Tracking program. 23.9% of the population were under the age of 18; 61.2% were between the ages of 18 and 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older.[100]. The ring-necked pheasant, imported in the early 1900s, remains an important game bird. [218] Full racial civil rights were codified under the Iowa Civil Rights Act of 1965. Station Data. The atlas of North American English: Phonetics, phonology, and sound change : a multimedia reference tool. 60, pages 315–316. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. Courtesy of Emily Stochl The writer stands by a tree in her Cedar Rapids, Iowa, neighborhood damaged by a Category 4 windstorm called a derecho in early August of this year. [169], As of 2009[update] major Iowa agricultural product processors include Archer Daniels Midland, Cargill, Inc., Diamond V Mills, and Quaker Oats. High °F. It has crossed the state on various routes each year since 1973. Over the last half century, average annual precipitation in most of the Midwest has increased by 5 to 10 percent. [253], In NCAA FCS, the University of Northern Iowa Panthers play at the Missouri Valley Conference[254] and Missouri Valley Football Conference[255] (despite the similar names, the conferences are administratively separate), whereas the Drake University Bulldogs play at the Missouri Valley Conference[256] in most sports and Pioneer League for football. [98] As of the 2010 Census, the center of population of Iowa is in Marshall County, near Melbourne. Low °F. Cedar Falls is home of the University of Northern Iowa. Representatives Leonard Boswell (D) and Tom Latham (R) ran against each other in 2012 in the third congressional district which had new boundaries; Latham won and retired after the 2014 elections. Virtually statewide, the driest month is January or February, and the wettest month is June, owing to frequent showers and thunderstorms, some of which produce hail, damaging winds and/or tornadoes. [122][123] A survey from the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) in 2010 found that the largest Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church with 235,190 adherents and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 229,557. [52], More than 3,000 years ago, during the Late Archaic period, American Indians in Iowa began utilizing domesticated plants. The January low is 10. Multiple resorts and other tourist attractions are found in and around these towns surrounding the popular lakes. In college football, Jay Berwanger was the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy in 1935, later renamed the Heisman Trophy and won by Nile Kinnick in 1939. 46.7°F. Along Interstate 80 near Walcott lies the world's largest truck stop, Iowa 80. Monthly averages Winterset Longitude: -94.0211, Latitude: 41.3628 Average weather Winterset, IA - 50273. [39] The 30-year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. Beginning with the first industries developed in the 1830s,[85] which were mainly for processing materials grown in the area,[86] Iowa has experienced a gradual increase in the number of business and manufacturing operations. 77. Iowa has experienced severe flooding as a result of rapid snow melt and heavy summer rainstorms. According to the AMA annual report from 2007 Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield had provided 71% of the state's health insurance. [211] Several attempts to grant full voting rights to Iowa women were defeated between 1870 and 1919. We collected past weather data from many thousand weather stations around the world. This made Iowa the third state in the U.S. and first in the Midwest to permit same-sex marriage. (Iowa 2009) (Publication to N.W.2d pending as of April 9, 2009. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Iowa highlighted, "Northern Iowa" redirects here. 60, page 315, Iowa Official Register, Volume No. Climate is the average of weather over time. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state in the Union when President James K. Polk signed Iowa's admission bill into law. [144] Its per capita income for 2006 was $23,340. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Decorah, McGregor, Mason City, Elkader, Bellevue, Guttenberg, Algona, Spillville, Charles City, and Independence. Council Bluffs, part of the Omaha (Nebr.) As a result of the 2016 elections, Republicans gained control of the Senate. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. Iowa officials tout credit rating, argue it shows state's finances are strong. Low °C. [194] Property tax is levied on the taxable value of real property. Some smaller communities, such as Denison and Storm Lake, have mitigated this population loss through gains in immigrant laborers. [252] The two intrastate rivals compete annually for the Cy-Hawk Trophy as part of the Iowa Corn Cy-Hawk Series. [214] Social and housing discrimination continued against Blacks at state universities until the 1950s. [19], Iowa's bedrock geology generally increases in age from west to east. Sullivan's Line, the Honey War, and latitudinal estimations", "Central tall grasslands | Ecoregions | WWF", Iowa Must Step Up Investment in Public Lands, "Report: Many Iowa coal plants among nation's oldest", "Iowa Works to Reduce Run-off Polluting the Gulf of Mexico", "Climate Iowa: Temperature, climate graph, Climate table for Iowa - Climate-Data.org", "Average Annual Snowfall Totals in Iowa - Current Results", "2008 Iowa tornadoes deadliest since 1968", "Site of Iowa's coldest temp shivers with rest of state", "Iowa Weather-Iowa Weather Forecast-Iowa Climate", "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Mason City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Sioux City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", Average Annual Precipitation Iowa, 1961–1990 (GIF File), "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation, Weather.com, Retrieved Jan. 7, 2009", "Fort Atkinson, Nebraska, 1820–1827, and Other Missouri River Sites", "Research Guides: Indian Removal Act: Primary Documents in American History: Introduction", "INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES Vol. Although Iowa has no professional major league sports teams, Iowa has minor league sports teams in baseball, basketball, hockey, and other sports. Before European settlement, 4 to 6 million acres of the state was covered with wetlands, about 95% of these wetlands have been drained. [131] The third-most-common language is German, spoken by 17,000 people in Iowa; two notable German dialects used in Iowa include Amana German spoken around the Amana Colonies, and Pennsylvania German, spoken among the Amish in Iowa. Olympic gold medal-winning athletes from Iowa include Dan Gable, Shawn Johnson, and Cael Sanderson. Precipitation is seasonal, falling mostly in the summer. [43], Iowa has a relatively smooth gradient of varying precipitation across the state, with areas in the southeast of the state receiving an average of over 38 inches (97 cm) of rain annually, and the northwest of the state receiving less than 28 inches (71 cm). [17] Carter Lake, Iowa, is the only city in the state located west of the Missouri River. [147], Major non-food manufacturing firms with production facilities in Iowa include 3M,[148] Arconic,[149] Amana Corporation,[150] Emerson Electric,[151] The HON Company,[152] SSAB,[153] John Deere,[154] Lennox Manufacturing,[155] Pella Corporation,[156] Procter & Gamble,[157] Vermeer Company,[158] and Winnebago Industries. 6.5% of Iowa's population were reported as under the age of five, 22.6% under 18, and 14.7% were 65 or older. However, the courts chose to narrowly apply this act, allowing de facto discrimination to continue. The state has a great number of Reformed denominations. Snowfall is light compared with the amount received in other states to the north and east. Iowa DNR: Iowa's Statewide Land Cover Inventory. [79], Most fought in the great campaigns in the Mississippi Valley and in the South. Sioux City boasts a revitalized downtown and includes attractions such as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino, Sergeant Floyd Monument, Sergeant Floyd River Museum, the Tyson Events Center, Southern Hills Mall, the Orpheum Theater, and more. Around Pella, residents of Dutch descent once spoke the Pella Dutch dialect. [236], As of 2015[update] transportation spending is a significant part of the budgets of rural school districts as many are geographically large and must transport students across vast distances. [75], Iowa has a long tradition of state and county fairs. A total of 39 ethanol plants produced 3.1 billion US gallons (12,000,000 m3) of fuel in 2009.[178]. Winters are cold, with January temperatures averaging about 14 °F (−10 °C) in the northwestern section of the state and in the low 20s F (about −6 °C) in the southeast. [195], Iowa has four primary interstate highways. High °F. Iowa recognizes three political parties—the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and the Libertarian Party. It was not until the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment that women had full suffrage in Iowa. Annual Weather Averages Near Cedar Rapids. [61][62] Another small military outpost was established along the Mississippi River in present-day Bellevue. As a result of the 2010 elections, each party controlled one house of the Iowa General Assembly: the House had a Republican majority, while the Senate had a Democratic majority. During the 1990s, Iowa had the second highest exodus rate for single, educated young adults, second only to North Dakota.[111]. [64], The U.S. encouraged settlement of the east side of the Mississippi and removal of Indians to the west. In Iowa, the term "political party" refers to political organizations which have received two percent or more of the votes cast for president or governor in the "last preceding general election". The transition from an agricultural economy to a mixed economy happened slowly. According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 5.6% of Iowa's population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (4.3%), Puerto Rican (0.2%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.0%). Monthly averages Waterloo Longitude: -92.4003, Latitude: 42.5571 Average weather Waterloo, IA - 50703. Iowa (/ˈaɪəwə/ (listen))[5][6][7] is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with extremes of both heat and cold. [9][10] Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year. [66] Many Meskwaki later returned to Iowa and settled near Tama, Iowa; the Meskwaki Settlement remains to this day. After the amendment, it reads: "All men and women are, by nature, free and equal, and have certain inalienable rights—among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. I-35 travels from the Missouri state line to the Minnesota state line through the state's center, including Des Moines. [204] Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds succeeded him on May 24, 2017, following Branstad's appointment as U.S. Competition in Health Insurance: 2007 update. Climate in Iowa. [201] Third parties, officially termed "nonparty political organizations", can appear on the ballot as well. [20], Iowa is generally not flat; most of the state consists of rolling hills. In NCAA FBS, the University of Iowa Hawkeyes play in the Big Ten Conference[251] and the Iowa State University Cyclones compete in the Big 12 Conference. High °C. The period after World War II witnessed a particular increase in manufacturing operations. The band lasted until 1997. Average Weather in October in Iowa City Iowa, United States. About 1459 mm | 57.4 inch of precipitation falls annually. The Meskwaki Settlement west of Tama is the only American Indian settlement in Iowa and is host to a large annual Pow-wow. [27] The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorized as part of the Central tall grasslands. Maquoketa Caves State Park, near Maquoketa, contains more caves than any other state park. The northern boundary is a line along 43 degrees, 30 minutes north latitude. Every year in early May, the city of Orange City holds the annual Tulip Festival, a celebration of the strong Dutch heritage in the region.[134]. [88] The crisis spurred a major, decade-long population decline. [191], Iowa imposes taxes on net state income of individuals, estates, and trusts. High °C. The Amana Colonies are a group of settlements of German Pietists comprising seven villages listed as National Historic Landmarks. The caucuses, held in January or February of the election year, involve people gathering in homes or public places and choosing their candidates, rather than casting secret ballots as is done in a presidential primary election. [106], Iowa's population is more urban than rural, with 61 percent living in urban areas in 2000, a trend that began in the early 20th century. Other bird species include the goldfinch, oriole, cardinal, bunting, bluejay, and bluebird. [212], The Iowa Supreme Court decided Clark v. The board of directors[213] in 1868, ruling that racially segregated "separate but equal" schools had no place in Iowa, 85 years before Brown v. Board of Education. It is bordered by six states: Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east and southeast, Missouri to the south, Nebraska to the west, South Dakota to the northwest, and Minnesota to the north. [10] In 2019, wind power in Iowa accounted for 42% of electrical energy produced, and 10,201 megawatts of generating capacity had been installed at the end of the year. [239] Both Iowa State University and The University of Iowa are research universities[240] and members of the prestigious Association of American Universities. Low °C. By the time European explorers and traders visited Iowa, American Indians were largely settled farmers with complex economic, social, and political systems. [14][b] The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along approximately 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa (1849) after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. The Driftless Area of northeast Iowa has many steep hills and deep valleys, checkered with forest and terraced fields. The John Deere Classic is a PGA Tour golf event held in the Quad Cities since 1971. Musicians, actors, and entertainers from Iowa include Tom Arnold, Julia Michaels, Bix Beiderbecke, Johnny Carson, Buffalo Bill Cody, Simon Estes, Nathan Jonas Jordison, Corey Taylor, Shawn Crahan, William Frawley, Charlie Haden, Ashton Kutcher, Cloris Leachman, Glenn Miller, Kate Mulgrew, Eric Christian Olsen, Donna Reed, George Reeves, Brandon Routh, Jean Seberg, John Wayne, Brooks Wheelan, Andy Williams, Meredith Willson, Elijah Wood and Jason Momoa. [59], Fort Madison was built to control trade and establish U.S. dominance over the Upper Mississippi, but it was poorly designed and disliked by the Sauk and Fox, many of whom allied with the British, who had not abandoned claims to the territory. Iowa was the 4th out of 10 states with the biggest drop in competition levels of health insurance between 2010 and 2011, per the 2013 annual report on the level of competition in the health insurance industry by the American Medical Association[173] using 2011 data from HealthLeaders-Interstudy, the most comprehensive source of data on enrollment in health maintenance organization (HMO), preferred provider organization (PPO), point-of-service (POS) and consumer-driven health care plans. Iowa allows its residents to deduct their federal income taxes from their state income taxes. [177], Ethanol production consumes about a third of Iowa's corn production, and renewable fuels account for eight percent of the state's gross domestic product. [26], The southern part of Iowa is categorized as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The French, before their impending defeat in the French and Indian War, transferred ownership to their ally, Spain. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Newton, Indianola, Pella, Knoxville, Marshalltown, Perry, and Story City. [257], Des Moines is home to the Iowa Cubs, a Class AAA team in the Pacific Coast League and affiliate of the Chicago Cubs. Le Mars is in the northeastern part of the Sioux City Metropolitan Area and is the self-proclaimed "Ice Cream Capital of the World". For the University of Northern Iowa, see, Early colonization, exploitation and trade, 1673–1808, Depression, World War II and manufacturing, 1930–1985, Reemergence as a mixed economy, 1985–present. In 2016, Iowa was the headquarters for three of the top 2,000 companies for revenue. Incumbent U.S. Among the early traders on the Mississippi were Julien Dubuque, Robert de la Salle, and Paul Marin. The only indigenous language used regularly in Iowa is Meskwaki, used around the Meskwaki Settlement.[132]. Annual Weather Averages Near Davenport. The Rathbun Dam on the Chariton River, the Red Rock and Saylorville dams on the Des Moines River, and the Coralville Dam on the Iowa River were built to protect against flooding, but they are also important for recreation, particularly boating. At least 11 other states have, too", "Centers of Population for the 2010 Census", "2018 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Iowa: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "In This Small Town in Iowa the Future Speaks Spanish", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico", National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2013, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2014, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2015, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data 2016, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births, by race and origin of mother: United States, each state and territory, 2017, "Religious composition of adults in Iowa", "American Religious Identification Survey 2001", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000", "Postville, Iowa's Jewish Community Bounces Back After Immigration Raid", "UNESCO declares Seattle a City of Literature", "America's Top States for Business in 2010", Gross domestic product by sector and state, "Local Area Unemployment Statistics—Iowa, Statewide", "Alcoa Davenport Works to become Arconic", "Whirlpool Amana plant remaining closed after more positive coronavirus tests", "John Deere Factory Tours | John Deere US", "IOWA ICON: Pete Kuyper's idea changed the future of his hometown", "P&G Iowa City Plant | P&G News | Events, Multimedia, Public Relations", "Winnebago will open new plant outside of Forest City", "Looking for greater profits, more Iowa farmers move to organic corn, soybeans", "Multiple Measures of the Role of Agriculture in Iowa's Economy", "Impact of grain-processing industry runs deep, but people don't see it", "AMA Analysis Lists States Where One Private Health Insurer Rules", "Annual report to the Iowa Governor and the Iowa Legislature", "Incubators Blossom along with Their Startups", "The World's Biggest Public Companies #380", "Company Overview of Vermeer Corporation", "Company Overview of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc", "Company Overview of Fareway Stores, Inc", "State of Iowa Taxes | Iowa Department of Revenue", "State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2016—Tax Foundation", "No tax increases planned for next year, Culver says", "How one city in Iowa caught 160,000 speeders in less than two years", "Amtrak California Zephyr - ShareMap.org", "Libertarian Party obtains official political party status in Iowa", "Official Results Report—Statewide: 2006 General Election", "Terry Branstad just became the longest serving governor in American history", "State of Iowa Voter Registration Totals", "Beyond expectations: effects of early elections in U.S. presidential nomination contests". [63], After the war, the U.S. re-established control of the region through the construction of Fort Armstrong, Fort Snelling in Minnesota, and Fort Atkinson in Nebraska. The climate conditions data used in the Tracking Network were obtained through the Iowa State University Climate Science Program and includes data from the Iowa Environmental Mesonet.. [211] By 1875, a number of additional court rulings effectively ended segregation in Iowa schools. Iowa is among the few jurisdictions where municipalities install speed cameras on interstate highways providing a substantial revenue source from out of state drivers. Iowa ranks fifth in the nation in total number of organic farms. The July high is around 86 degrees. 63. [166], As of 2007, the direct production and sale of conventional agricultural commodities contributed only about 3.5% of Iowa's gross state product. Le Mars is home to Wells Enterprises, one of the largest ice cream manufacturers in the world. In 2016, there were approximately 732 organic farms in the state, an increase of about 5% from the previous year, and 103,136 organic acres, an increase of 9,429 from the previous year. The risk of flooding has increased with the tilling of farm fields and the straightening of some rivers and streams. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [90], Food processing is the largest component of manufacturing. [70] Western Iowa around modern Council Bluffs was used as an Indian Reservation for members of the Council of Three Fires. They served with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia and fought under Union General Philip Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. [89], After bottoming out in the 1980s, Iowa's economy began to become increasingly less dependent on agriculture. The Clint Eastwood movie The Bridges of Madison County, based on the popular novel of the same name, took place and was filmed in Madison County. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 They marched on General Nathaniel Banks' ill-starred expedition to the Red River. By the early 21st century, it was characterized by a mix of manufacturing, biotechnology, finance and insurance services, and government services. [174] The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center. Average daily temperatures in September. [139], While Iowa is often viewed as a farming state, agriculture is a relatively small portion of the state's diversified economy, with manufacturing, biotechnology, finance and insurance services, and government services contributing substantially to Iowa's economy. Kim Reynolds signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill", "Iowa's 'fetal heartbeat' abortion restriction declared unconstitutional", "Iowa Civil Rights Act—Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity", "Iowa Supreme Court: Same-sex couples can marry " Iowa Independent", "BREAKING: Iowa Supreme Court rules in favor of marriage equality! " ISU Extension Midwest Grape and Wine Industry Institute, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, as presented in the 2007. Waterloo was founded in the 19th century on the banks of the Cedar River. In football, Iowa State University and the University of Iowa compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), whereas the University of Northern Iowa and Drake University compete in the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS). Department of Energy, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iowa&oldid=990652185#Climate, States and territories established in 1846, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2014, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles to be expanded from February 2020, BLP articles lacking sources from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 19:02. In 1917, the United States entered World War I and farmers as well as all Iowans experienced a wartime economy. In previous elections, climate change was essentially a nonissue. Bass, trout, pike, and carp are found in Iowa’s rivers and streams. A flooded street in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in June 2008. The State Fair has been held annually since then, except for a few exceptions: 1898 due to the Spanish–American War and the World's Fair being held in nearby Omaha, Nebraska; from 1942 to 1945, due to World War II, as the fairgrounds were being used as an army supply depot; and in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. To the east lies Clear Lake. [223] Iowa added the word "women" to the Iowa Constitution in 1998. Waterloo is home of the Grout Museum and is headquarters of the Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area. [96] Iowa has banned sanctuary cities. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include West Liberty, Fairfield, Burlington, Mount Pleasant, Fort Madison, LeClaire, Mount Vernon, Ottumwa, Washington, and Wilton. The Sioux City Hornets play in the American Basketball Association. Davenport boasts the Figge Art Museum, River Music Experience, Putnam Museum, Davenport Skybridge, Quad City Symphony Orchestra, Ballet Quad Cities, and plays host to the annual Bix Beiderbecke Memorial Jazz Festival, and the Quad City Air Show, which is the largest airshow in the state. Major manufacturing sectors include food processing, heavy machinery, and agricultural chemicals. Northeast Iowa, part of the Driftless Area, has led the state in development of its regional food system and grows and consumes more local food than any other region in Iowa. "[224], In May 2018 Iowa signed into law one of the country's most restrictive abortion bans: the requirement that a doctor cannot perform an abortion if they can detect a fetal heartbeat, which in many cases would restrict abortions pregnancies less than six weeks old. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa,[24] Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, and Rathbun Lake. Many died and were buried at Andersonville. Central Iowa. U.S. Census Bureau State and County Quick Facts. [52], The arrival of European trade goods and diseases in the Protohistoric period led to dramatic population shifts and economic and social upheaval, with the arrival of new tribes and early European explorers and traders. [29] As of 2005[update] Iowa ranked 49th of U.S. states in public land holdings. [129] Natives of East-Central Iowa—including cities such as Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, and Clinton tend to speak with the Northern Cities Vowel Shift, a dialect that extends from this area and east across the Great Lakes Region.[130]. About 5 percent of Iowa is forested. [50] The pattern of precipitation across Iowa is seasonal, with more rain falling in the summer months. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Woodlands (ash, hickory, and elm trees) thrive along the rivers and in the hillier parts of the state. [221] In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A. Mansfield to the practice of law. Average annual temperatures. The Cedar Rapids Museum of Art has collections of paintings by Grant Wood and Marvin Cone. How Did Iowa Coalitions Campaign for the Equal Rights Amendment in 1980 and 1992?, WL 874044 You can jump to a separate table for each region of the state: Eastern, Central and Western Iowa. Smaller airports in the state include the Davenport Municipal Airport (Iowa), Dubuque Regional Airport, Fort Dodge Regional Airport, Mason City Municipal Airport, Sioux Gateway Airport, Southeast Iowa Regional Airport, and Waterloo Regional Airport. The study also found rapid growth in Evangelical Christian denominations. [105] The five largest ancestry groups were: German (35.1%), Irish (13.5%), English (8.2%), American (5.8%), and Norwegian (5.0%). The historic downtown area is also filled with multiple restaurants, bars, and other entertainment venues. [53][54] The area of Iowa was claimed for France and remained a French territory until 1763. [220] In 1847, the University of Iowa became the first public university in the U.S. to admit men and women on an equal basis. In 2008, the 92,600 farms in Iowa produced 19% of the nation's corn, 17% of the soybeans, 30% of the hogs, and 14% of the eggs. [207] The national and international media give Iowa and New Hampshire extensive attention, which gives Iowa voters leverage. [92], The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Iowa was 3,155,070 on July 1, 2019, a 3.57% increase since the 2010 Census. [91] Urban counties in Iowa grew 8.5% from 2000 to 2008, while rural counties declined by 4.2%. Climate is the average of weather over time. The state averages 166 days of full sunshine and 199 cloudy or partly cloudy days. Population Trends: The Changing Face of Iowa. The tax rate differs in each locality and is a composite of county, city or rural township, school district and special levies. [15][16], Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers. [28], There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; less than 1% of the tallgrass prairie that once covered most of Iowa remains intact; only about 5% of the state's prairie pothole wetlands remain, and most of the original forest has been lost. The Presbyterian Church (USA) had almost 290 congregations and 51,380 members followed by the Reformed Church in America with 80 churches and 40,000 members, and the United Church of Christ had 180 churches and 39,000 members.[124]. [168] Iowa's main conventional agricultural commodities are hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, eggs, and dairy products. Iowa has a four-season climate, reflecting the state’s position deep in the interior of the continent. Fort Atkinson State Preserve in Fort Atkinson has the remains of an original 1840s Dragoon fortification. A barge transporting cars to dry roads during severe flooding in Iowa in 1993. Iowa Gov. Iowa was also ranked 10th in "Economy", 12th in "Business Friendliness", 16th in "Education", 17th in both "Cost of Living" and "Quality of Life", 20th in "Workforce", 29th in "Technology and Innovation", 32nd in "Transportation" and the lowest ranking was 36th in "Access to Capital". Iowa Department of Revenue, Iowa Local Option Tax Information. The Sanford Museum and Planetarium in Cherokee, Grotto of the Redemption in West Bend, The Danish Immigrant Museum in Elk Horn, and the Fort Museum and Frontier Village in Fort Dodge are other regional destinations. Des Moines is the largest city and metropolitan area[a] in Iowa and the state's political and economic center. Effigy Mounds National Monument in Allamakee and Clayton Counties has the largest assemblage of animal-shaped prehistoric mounds in the world. Iowa is home to more than 70 wineries,[135] and hosts five regional wine tasting trails. In July the average temperature is in the mid-80s F Iowa - Iowa - Climate: Iowa has a four-season climate, reflecting the state’s position deep in the interior of the continent. Precipitation. Notable writers, artists, and news personalities from Iowa include Bill Bryson, George Gallup, Susan Glaspell, Mauricio Lasansky, Tomas Lasansky, Harry Reasoner, and Grant Wood. I-74 begins at I-80 just northeast of Davenport. July is the hottest month for Ames with an average high temperature of 84.1°, which ranks it as about average compared to other places in Iowa. Iowa has two professional basketball teams. [144], On July 2, 2009, Standard & Poor's rated the state of Iowa's credit as AAA (the highest of its credit ratings, held by only 11 U.S. state governments). Place. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. Other national leaders who lived in Iowa include John L. Lewis, Harry Hopkins, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Chief Black Hawk. [208] In 2007 presidential campaign spending was the seventh highest in the country. Dyersville is home to the famed Field of Dreams baseball diamond. Arnolds Park, one of the oldest amusement parks in the country, is located on Lake Okoboji in Arnolds Park. Of a total population of 675,000, about 116,000 men were subjected to military duty. The Indiana Territory was created in 1800 to exercise jurisdiction over this portion of the District; William Henry Harrison was its first governor. [217] Racial discrimination at public businesses was not deemed illegal until 1949, when the court ruled in State of Iowa v. Katz that businesses had to serve customers regardless of race; the case began when Edna Griffin was denied service at a Des Moines drugstore. Low °C. [167] In 2002 the impact of the indirect role of agriculture in Iowa's economy, including agriculture-affiliated business, was calculated at 16.4% in terms of value added and 24.3% in terms of total output. Labov, W., Ash, S., & Boberg, C. (2006). The average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F (10 °C); for some locations in the north, such as Mason City, the figure is about 45 °F (7 °C), while Keokuk, on the Mississippi River, averages 52 °F (11 °C). Other western communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Storm Lake, Spencer, Glenwood, Carroll, Harlan, Atlantic, Red Oak, Denison, Creston, Mount Ayr, Sac City, and Walnut. [66], The Sauk and Meskwaki sold their land in the Mississippi Valley during 1832 in the Black Hawk Purchase[67] and sold their remaining land in Iowa in 1842, most of them moving to a reservation in Kansas. [211], In 1884, the Iowa Civil Rights Act apparently outlawed discrimination by businesses, reading: "All persons within this state shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, restaurants, chophouses, eating houses, lunch counters, and all other places where refreshments are served, public conveyances, barber shops, bathhouses, theaters, and all other places of amusement." [211] The state did away with racial barriers to marriage in 1851, more than 100 years before the U.S. Supreme Court would ban miscegenation statutes nationwide. Northwest Iowa is home to some of the largest concentrations of wind turbine farms in the world. [143] If measured by gross state product, for 2005 it was $113.5 billion. This was lower than the economic impact of non-farm manufacturing, which accounted for 22.4% of total value added and 26.5% of total output. 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